International Monetary Fund has a great history,
We will choose our conversation today about their role,
and the way which it works,
all that will find in this article on our website Peeker Finance.
International Monetary Fund
The International Monetary Fund is an international agency,
which offers economic support and member States ‘ advice.
The organisation has its primary tasks.
It has many functions,
because it is a lasting organization,
that integrates the development of global financial markets,
and also for developing countries ‘ development.
The IMF Role
At the end of World War II, the IMF was born,
the Year 1945 from the Bretton Woods Conference.
It was born from the need to prevent economic crises,
such as the Great Depression.
The IMF is the world’s biggest government lender,
with its sister organisation, the World Bank.
It is a United Nations specialist organization,
and its 186 Member States manage.
Membership is accessible to any foreign policy nation,
and accepts the laws of the organization.
The IMF is in charge of the development and international Monetary System Maintenance.
The international payment system between nations.
It, therefore, seeks to establish a systemic mechanism transaction for overseas exchange.
It, therefore, seeks to establish a systemic exchange transactions mechanism to encourage investment,
and encourage a balanced world trade.
To meet these objectives,
The IMF concentrates and advises on a country’s macroeconomic policies,
Which affect its exchange rate and the budget, money and credit management of its government.
The IMF will also evaluate the economic industry and regulatory policies of a country,
As well as macroeconomic structural policies relating to the labour and employment markets.
As a fund, it can also provide citizens with economic help to correct balance of payments discrepancies.
The IMF, therefore, has the responsibility to promote economic growth,
and Preservation of elevated employment rates in nations.
How does the International Monetary Fund work?
The IMF recover by the Member States from quota subscriptions.
The size of each quota is based on the amount each countries government,
can pay by the size of its economy.
In turn, the quota determines the weight of the IMF for each nation,
In addition to his right to vote as well as how much funding the IMF can provide.
25% of the quota is paid by way of Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) for each country,
and it claims on the IMF members freedom use with currencies.
Prior to SDR, a fixed Exchange Rate system based on the Bretton Woods,
and reserves for worldwide economic growth were feared not to be enough to finance them.
The IMF thus set up SDRs in 1968,
that’s a sort of reserve asset international.
They were designed to add to the time’s international reserves,
who was from the U.S. dollar and gold.
Currency is not the SDR,
It is the accounting unit through,
which the Member States can exchange global accounts with each other.
In exchange for other IMF members ‘ freely traded currencies,
the SDR can also be used.
If it has a deficit,
a nation can do so and further foreign currency is needed to pay global bonds.
The importance of the SDR
The importance of the SDR resides in reality,
that Member States undertake to respect their SDR commitments.
There a certain amount of SDR allocated to each Member State,
based on the contribution the nation makes to the Fund,
which also bases on the economic size of the country.
The need for SDRs has however reduced,
when the fix currency rate exchange fell by important economies,
and instead, decide to float prices.
The IMF is carrying out its entire SDR accounting,
trade banks recognize denominated SDR accounts.
The SDR value daily adjusts to a currency basket,
Which involves the dollar presently,
yen in Japan, euro and pound in British.
As the nation is bigger, the bigger its contribution,
So America accounts for around 18% of the complete quota,
while Seychelles 0.004%.
When the IMF requests, a nation may pay in its local currency the remainder of its quota.
The IMF also allows borrowing, two separate agreements with the Member States if need that.
It has 212 billion SDR in total, quotas of USD 290 billion, USD 46 bn for loans of SDR 34 billion.
Source: International Monetary Fund